Narcissus pseudonarcissus (daffodil)
Amaryllidaceae (amaryllis family)
Perennial herbaceous plant, 15–40 cm in height, with basal, lanceolate leaves, leafless stems and large yellow flowers. Plant grows from bulb. Mostly propagated by humans: enters the open countryside through garden waste.
Grows wild on mountain meadows and pastures, often forms large populations. Poisonous pasture weed shunned by cattle. Since ancient times an ornamental plant, with many cultivars existing today. One of the most popular spring flowers.
Native to southern and western Europe, for example, Spain. The natural area extends just as far as the Eifel in Germany. Neophyte in southern Germany, very frequently planted and occasionally wild, probably in process of becoming naturalized.
Primula veris (cowslip)
Primulaceae (primrose family)
Perennial herbaceous rosette plant, 10–30 cm tall, leaves oblong-ovate and wrinkled, yellow flowers with orange spots on the floral tube, fragrant. Inflorescence reminiscent of a bunch of keys, seeds are scattered by the wind.
Grows in rough pastures and sparsely grown dry forests, rare in many regions due to heavy fertilization. Harbinger of spring and ancient medicinal plant.
Indigenous to Germany. Natural area covers most of Central Europe and extends in the east to the upper course of the river Amur.