Actinidia deliciosa (kiwifruit)
Actinidiaceae (Chinese gooseberry family)
Woody vines, left-turning, climbing to a height of ten meters, with ovate to round leaves and ovoid berry fruits, in the wild 3–5 cm in length. Dispersal by animals and humans.
Fruit tree, of which there are numerous cultivars. Fruits high in vitamin C and E. Formerly referred to as Chinese gooseberry, renamed kiwifruit in the 1950s after the national symbol of New Zealand, which was the main export country at the time. In Germany, as a fruit generally known since the 1970s, from 1972 to 1981, demand increased almost a hundredfold from 900,000 to 85 million units.
As a wild plant indigenous to China, has been known there as a crop for 1200 years. The main growing areas today are China, Italy, New Zealand, Iran, Chile, Greece and France. In Germany non-perennial neophyte.
Ribes uva-crispa (European gooseberry)
Grossulariaceae (gooseberry family)
Small, densely branched prickly shrub, 100–150 cm in height, with petiolate roundish, trilobate to pentalobate leaves, inconspicuous greenish flowers and drooping small berry fruits. Seed dispersal by animals and humans.
Wild colonies in forests, hedgerows and shrubs, especially on calcareous soils. Cultivated (var. sativum) since the 18th century with larger green, yellow, white or red fruits, often planted in gardens and orchards.
Indigenous to Germany. The natural area covers almost the whole of Europe, northwest Africa and Siberia eastwards to Manchuria.